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The Wirecard Scandal: Uncovering Fraud and Financial Misconduct at a Leading Payment Processor

An analysis of the allegations, investigation, and impact of the Wirecard scandal on customers, stakeholders, and the financial industry

Wirecard was once a leading payment processor in Germany and other regions. In 2020, it became involved in a major scandal, known as Wirecard Scandal. This event shook the financial industry. It also raised serious questions about the company’s business practices.

This blog will explore Wirecard’s background. It will discuss the allegations of fraud and financial misconduct. An investigation and legal proceedings followed these allegations. The blog will also cover the scandal’s impact on customers and stakeholders. We will also examine the lessons learned and reforms implemented in the wake of the Wirecard scandal.

Background On Wirecard Scandal

Markus Braun founded Wirecard in 1999 and served as its CEO until he resigned in June 2020 during the scandal.

The company, listed on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange, offered payment processing services to merchants and consumers globally, covering credit card payments, online banking, and mobile payment services. The financial industry adored Wirecard for its rapid growth and success, and many considered its shares a safe investment.

Allegations Of Fraud And Financial Misconduct

In June 2020, the Financial Times published an article. The article alleged that Wirecard had inflated its revenue. They also claimed the company boosted its profits through fraudulent activities. This included the creation of fake sales contracts. They also manipulated accounting records.

These allegations were based on documents obtained by the Financial Times and interviews with former employees of the company. Wirecard denied the allegations and launched a legal action against the Financial Times, but the damage had been done. The allegations of fraud and financial misconduct sparked a major investigation by German authorities and the Financial Times. German prosecutors began investigating Wirecard in 2018, revealing that the company had violated accounting rules for years.

In June 2020, Wirecard fired its chief operating officer, Jan Marsalek, who later fled to Russia and remains a fugitive. Authorities arrested Markus Braun, but they later released him on bail.

As the investigation progressed, it became clear that Wirecard had engaged in a massive accounting fraud, with billions of euros in missing cash and assets.

Critics targeted the company’s auditor, EY, for not detecting the fraud and for issuing false audit reports. In July 2020, Wirecard filed for bankruptcy, and the Frankfurt Stock Exchange delisted its shares.

Impact On Customers And Stakeholders

The Wirecard scandal had major implications for the company’s customers and stakeholders. Many merchants who relied on Wirecard’s payment processing services were left in the lurch, and some lost significant sums of money as a result of the fraud. Investors in Wirecard also suffered heavy losses, as the value of the company’s shares plummeted.

The scandal also raised broader concerns about the financial industry and the effectiveness of financial regulations and oversight.

Lessons Learned And Reforms Implemented

In the wake of the Wirecard scandal, there have been calls for reforms to improve the transparency and accountability of financial companies. The German government has announced plans to tighten financial regulations and increase the powers of financial watchdogs.

The EU has also proposed new rules to strengthen corporate governance and improve the audit process. It is hoped that these reforms will help prevent similar scandals in the future.


In conclusion, the Wirecard scandal was a major financial scandal that exposed widespread fraud and financial misconduct at a leading payment processor. The scandal had significant implications for customers, stakeholders, and the financial industry, and it highlighted the need for stronger financial regulations and oversight.

Companies, investors, and regulatory authorities have implemented reforms following the scandal. However, they must remain vigilant to prevent similar scandals in the future.

Read more on Accounting Scandals in the last two decades

Philip Meagher
3 min read


  1. I cannot understand why the auditors were not called to order and instructed to compensate stakeholders who relied on the audited financial statements. The statements were showed in court to reflect overstated and nonexistent assets. It seems like gross professional misconduct for which no-one will be held accountable. Where are the authorities?

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