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How to find Discount Factor?

Discount factors is the value that allow us to relate a cash flow received in the future to its value today.

What is Discount Factor?

These numbers allow us to relate a cash flow received in the future to its value today. Assume that a security’s pricing signals that a cash flow of V at a future time T is equivalent to a cash flow of X today.The factor we multiply V by to achieve X is the discount factor that applies to a maturity T. (i.e., X/Y).Discount factors can be extracted from Treasury bills and Treasury bonds.

Example of Discount Factor:

Discount Factor=1/(1+r)n
Where r=discount rate, n=time

You may, for example, divide 1 by the interest rate plus 1 to determine the discount factor for a cash flow one year in the future. The discount factor would be 1 divided by 1.05, or 95 per cent, for a 5% interest rate.You can use your discount factor and discount rate to calculate the net present value of investment once you’ve computed them. Subtract the present value of all negative cash flows from the total present value of all positive cash flows. You’ll get the net present value after applying the interest rate.

Why are Discount Factors important?

Understanding the discount factor is beneficial because it provides a visual representation of compounding’s effects over time. This aids in the calculation of discounted cash flow. The cash flow drops as the discount rate increases over time, making it a means to describe the time worth of money in decimal form.

Rahul Kabra
1 min read
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